EU Administration and Policy
The interests of the European Union as a whole are actually promoted by the European Commission, while governments defend their own country’s national interests. Today, there are university programs that aim at training quality specialists of European Union issues, by developing their skills of the political system and separate policy subjects. There are also plenty of books which analyze the administration of the European Union examining the approaches and structures of public administration in order to assess the solutions they offer to social problems.
Whether we are discussing staff, location or even languages, the EU spends around 6% of its budget on this things, as well as administration of its buildings. There are 3 institutions involved in EU legislation: the European Parliament, which is directly elected by the European Union’s citizens, the Council of the European Union and The Presidency of the Council that is shared on a rotating basis. The European Commission is the institution responsible for implementing decisions and managing the day-to-day business and the Commissioners swear an oath at the European Court of Justice, pledging to respect the treaties. There is one member per member state, but members are bound to represent the general interest rather than their home state. The European Commission is divided into Directorates General, each covering a specific policy area such environment or trade and has around 32 000 people employed.
Multilingualism is central to the EU, which is why it has 24 official languages. People living in the EU have access to key political documents in their language, as well as the right to receive a reply in that language. The procedural languages of the Commission are English, French and German and the members with their teams are based in Brussels. The European Council sets its political direction, meeting for a few days at a time at least twice every 6 months.
The institutions of the European Union are the decision making bodies, as listed in the Article 13 of the Treaty on European Union: the European Parliament, the European Council, the Council of the European Union, the European Commission, the Court of Justice of the European Union, the European Central Bank and the Court of Auditors. The EU institutions employ around 800 interpreters on its permanent staff and the cost of all language services in EU institutions adds up to less than 1% of the budget. Most EU institutions were created in 1958, but have since changed through shifting the power balance.
Through the “Ordinary Legislative Procedure, ” the policies that apply throughout the EU are produced. Today, the Commission is becoming more accountable to the Parliament. Around 7500 people work in the general secretariat and political groups, joined by Members of the European Parliament, who have the right to use any of the EU’s official languages.
The Commission proposes new laws then implements them, making sure that they are properly implemented after the Parliament and the Council have adopted them. EU has a unique institutional set-up, with priorities set by the European Council and directly elected MEPs who represent all the European citizens.